is a Goidelic language (Gaelic) of the Indo-European language family originating in Ireland and historically spoken by the Irish people.Irish is spoken as a first language by a small minority of Irish people, and as a second language by a larger group of non-native speakers.This allowed the new immigrants to get jobs in areas other than farming.It has been estimated that, due to the immigration to the United States because of the Famine, anywhere from a quarter to a third of the immigrants were Irish speakers. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help: IPA.
It is the language of a large corpus of literature, including the Ulster Cycle.
Irish enjoys constitutional status as the national and first official language of the Republic of Ireland, and is an officially recognised minority language in Northern Ireland.
It is also among the official languages of the European Union.
Irish has been the predominant language of the Irish people for most of their recorded history, and they have brought it with them to other regions, notably Scotland and the Isle of Man, where Middle Irish gave rise to Scottish Gaelic and Manx respectively.
It has the oldest vernacular literature in Western Europe.