Here's how the points discussed above affect his analysis. Sedimentary mountains such as the Sierras and Andes rose after the Flood by isostatic rebound. Proceedings of the second international conference on creationism, vol. The stretched pebble conglomerate in Death Valley National Monument (Wildrose Canyon Rd., 15 mi. 190), for example, contains streambed pebbles metamorphosed to quartzite and stretched to 3 or more times their original length.
Table 1 shows Woodmorappe's analysis and some additional calculations. Page numbers refer to Woodmorappe, 1996, from which the figures in the row are taken. [Baumgardner, 1990a; Austin et al., 1994] New ocean basins. Catastrophic plate tectonics: a global flood model of earth history. In the beginning: compelling evidence for creation and the Flood. Plastically deformed stone is also common around salt diapirs [Jackson et al, 1990]. Standard theory is that they were laid down before Earth's atmosphere contained much oxygen.
Additional clean animal figures assume they are taken aboard by sevens, not seven pairs, and also assume juvenile animals. (Brown proposes that the cataclysms were caused by the crust sliding around on a cushion of water; Whitcomb & Morris don't give a cause.) Austin, Steven A., John R. How does a flood explain the accuracy of "coral clocks"? Geological Highway Map of Nova Scotia, 2nd edition.
In conclusion, an ark of the size specified in the Bible would not be large enough to carry a cargo of animals and food sufficient to repopulate the earth, especially if animals that are now extinct were required to be aboard. The moon is slowly sapping the earth's rotational energy.
It takes a long time for magma to cool into granite, nor does granite erode very quickly.
Keep in mind that many valleys were clearly carved by glacial erosion, which is a slow process. Some of these are intruded into older sediments and have younger sediments on their eroded top surfaces.
New genera of dinosaurs have been discovered at a nearly constant rate for more than a century, and there's no indication that the rate of discovery will fall off in the near future. Woodmorappe gets his animals to fit only by taking juvenile pairs of everything weighing more than 22 lbs. However, it is more likely that Noah would have brought adults aboard: The last point does not apply to all animals. Aphids, in fact, are physically incapable of sucking from wilted leaves. The large quantities of food aboard would have invited infestations of any of hundreds of stored product pests (especially since all of those pests would have been aboard), and the humidity one would expect aboard the Ark would have provided an ideal environment for molds. Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Co., Philadelphia PA. If not, how do you explain the well-ordered sequence of fossils in the deposits? al., Carboniferous Coastal Environments and Paleocommunities of the Mary Lee Coal Zone, Marion and Walker Counties, Alabama.
However, the animals don't need parental care tend to be animals that mature quickly, and thus would be close to adult size after a year of growth anyway. The Bible says either seven or fourteen (it's ambiguous) of each kind of clean animal was aboard. How did Noah keep pests from consuming most of the food? The ark would need to be well ventilated to disperse the heat, humidity, and waste products (including methane, carbon dioxide, and ammonia) from the many thousands of animals which were crowded aboard. 37-42) interprets Genesis to mean there was an 18-inch opening all around the top, and says that this, with slight breezes, would have been enough to provide adequate ventilation. Institute for Creation Research, Santee, California. Where did the Flood water come from, and where did it go? A global flood would have produce evidence contrary to the evidence we see. For example, why weren't the Sierra Nevadas eroded as much as the Appalachians during the Flood? Roughly 1.5 x 10 grams of calcium carbonate are deposited on the ocean floor each year. Guidebook for the Field Trip VI, Alabama Geological Survey, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
They can't survive there, at least not for long without special care. The Green River formation in Wyoming contains 20,000,000 annual layers, or varves, identical to those being laid down today in certain lakes. Ecological zonation, hydrodynamic sorting, and differential escape fail to explain: How could these have appeared in the midst of a catastrophic flood? [e.g., Short et al, 1991] How was the fossil record sorted in an order convenient for evolution? Thus, increasing the quantity of animals by more than about 5% would overload the ark. Here are a few things he didn't take into account: Batten, R. All the original lithosphere became subducted; the rising magma which replaced it raised the ocean floor, causing sea levels to rise and boiling off enough of the ocean to cause 150 days of rain. The imparative of non-stationary natural law in relation to Noah's Flood. Proceedings of the third international conference on creationism, technical symposium sessions, pp. Reports of the National Center for Science Education 17(3): 29-32. I suspect that both will prove insuperable difficulties for a theory of flood deposition of the geologic column and its fossils. However, Woodmorappe makes several questionable and invalid assumptions. When it cooled, the ocean floor lowered again, and the Flood waters receded. [Jackson et al, 1990] How were sedimentary deposits recrystallized and plastically deformed in the short time since the Flood?