During Michael's reign, Romania maintained a degree of sovereignty, but after his death, the Turks again dominated the region.They ruled through Greek officials who abused their power to exploit the peasants.
The remainder is made up of Germans, Ukrainians, and others.
In the fourteenth century, the country adopted the Cyrillic alphabet, but it later reverted to Roman lettering.
Magyar (the language of ethnic Hungarians) and German are spoken, as are Serbian, Ukrainian, Slovak, Czech, Bulgarian, and Turkish.
The northern region developed into a principality called Transylvania, the south into a principality called Walachia, and the east into Moldavia.
Throughout the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, Walachia and Moldavia battled repeated invasions by the Ottoman Empire.