There are traces of red ochre on the figurine, indicating it was once painted.
The type of limestone used was not found locally, indicating the existence of a trade network.
The purpose of the Venus of Willendorf and other Venus figurines is debated, but the sculptor’s emphasis on the female body’s sexual and childbearing characteristics has led many to conclude that this and other such figurines were fertility goddesses or otherwise played a role in fertility rituals.
The Venus of Willendorf is now at the Naturhistorisches Museum in Vienna.
Almost all the paintings are of animals – 13 species are depicted, including some that are extinct.
(See rhinoceroses in first image and horses in second image, above.) Unlike most cave paintings, a significant number of predator animals are depicted (e.g., cave lions, panthers, bears and cave hyenas), and there are scenes of animals interacting, such as two woolly rhinoceroses fighting. For example, the artists prepared the rock surface before painting by scraping off debris; they also etched around the outlines of some figures to create a three dimensional effect.
Now known as the Venus of Laussel, the carving on the limestone block measures 17.5 in.
(I have tried to use public domain images where possible.
In other cases, I believe this is a fair non-commercial use for educational purposes.
Although most of the resources available to me focused almost exclusively on the art of Western Civilization, the list does identify some of the most significant artworks produced by the artists of Asia, Africa and South America.
Because I believe visuals are essential for discussing the visual arts, I have included images of the art works.