A C-54 Skymaster was then converted for presidential use; this aircraft, dubbed the Sacred Cow, carried President Franklin D.
Roosevelt to the Yalta Conference in February 1945 and was subsequently used for another two years by President Harry S. The "Air Force One" call sign was created after a 1953 incident during which a Lockheed Constellation named Columbine II, carrying President Dwight D.
They were named by First Lady Mamie Eisenhower after the columbine, the official state flower of her adopted home state of Colorado.
Two Aero Commanders were added to the fleet and earned the distinction of being the smallest aircraft ever to serve as Air Force One.
On 11 October 1910, Theodore Roosevelt became the first U. president to fly in an aircraft, an early Wright Flyer from Kinloch Field near St. He was no longer in office at the time, having been succeeded by William Howard Taft.
During World War II, Roosevelt traveled on the Dixie Clipper, a Pan Am-crewed Boeing 314 flying boat to the 1943 Casablanca Conference in Morocco, a flight that covered 5,500 miles (8,890 km) in three legs.In common parlance the term describes those Air Force aircraft designed, built, and used to transport the president.The presidential aircraft is a prominent symbol of the American presidency and its power.The Guess Where II was used to transport senior members of the Roosevelt administration on various trips.In March 1944, it transported Eleanor Roosevelt on a goodwill tour of several Latin American countries. The Secret Service subsequently reconfigured a Douglas C-54 Skymaster for presidential transport duty.