Christianity, which originated in the Middle East in the 1st century AD, is a significant minority religion of the region.
Christianity in the Middle East is characterized by the diversity of its beliefs and traditions, compared to other parts of the Old World.
The two schools dominated the theological controversies of the first centuries of Christian theology.
Assyrian Christians were between 800,000 and 1.2 million before 2003.
During 2014, the Assyrian population of large parts North Iraq largely collapsed due to the persecution and extermination by ISIL.
Christians now make up approximately 5% of the Middle Eastern population, down from 20% in the early 20th century.
Cyprus is the only Christian Majority country in the Middle East, with the Christian percentage ranging between 76% and 78% of mainly Eastern Orthodox Christianity (i.e. Proportionally, Lebanon has the 2nd highest rate of Christians in the Middle East, with a percentage ranging between 39% and 40.5% of mainly Maronite Christians, followed by Egypt where Christians (especially Coptic Christians) and others account for about 10% and 23% according to different sources.