The Indian legend of Sati is the basis for a long history of women self-immolating in that country.
Self immolation was widespread until the 1800’s, and still occurs today.
But as an act of political protest, self-immolation in the 20th century reached new heights.
First, as a protest against Soviet occupation and oppression in Europe, and then, most famously, as an act of protest against the South Vietnamese government and the Vietnam war.
His appeals of protest were ignored so, in a grisly act of protest and anguish, Bouazizi doused himself in gasoline and set himself ablaze.
The act of self-immolation not only triggered the political crisis in Tunisia, which ousted the president on January 14, 2011, it has led to a series of protests and overthrown governments in the Middle East.
He handed out pamphlets in an attempt to educate the public about environmental matters that concerned him.
Hartmut Gründler was a German teacher from Tübingen, engaged in environmental protection.Two days before he self-immolated, he made a flyer with the heading “Please pass on…Self-immolation of a Life Protector – appeal against atomic lie…”, and, speaking of himself in the third person, he wrote, among other things, the following: “Gründler calls his action an act not of despair, but of resistance and resolution.He even tried to open a dialogue with Federal Chancellor Helmut Schmidt.On November 16, 1977, Gründler burned himself in Hamburg during the SPD Party Congress, out of protest against “the continued governmental misinformation” in the energy policy, particularly concerning the permanent disposal of nuclear waste.