Tank crews can become villains
The "Playboy of the Western World" - a German?
Heinz Rölleke on November 6, 2016
D.he Bond film No. 23 “Skyfall” grossed more than a billion dollars in cinemas, with TV marketing on top of that. Of course, the current and future managers of the bond industry also hope for such sums and therefore continue to film sequences from Fleming's novels and previous Bond films. The last Bond film for the time being (No. 24) was released in German cinemas at the end of October 2015, its title: "Specter". Bond actor is the Briton Daniel Craig, who by now has become the traditional villain in all Bond films, now comes from a globally operating terrorist organization, but remains German-speaking this time too, the Austrian Christoph Waltz was given the role, law of the series (unforgotten Gerd Fröbe as Auric Goldfinger in 1963).
In the 19th century the English conquerors of the Empire and discoverers of the future top destinations of world tourism - including the Rhine Valley between Cologne and Mainz - so after 1945 the English are avid readers of comics, which are teeming with Nazi monsters and criminals. This has been a very profitable sector of English publishing for over 60 years and it has only changed in the last few years. In this respect, the English cinema audience encountered the German villains familiar from the comics in the Bond films, who were only recently amputated by their Nazi past. In view of the fact that the history of the past and origins of today's bond industry goes back to the time of World War II, the question arises as to whether the mythical figure Bond himself played a part in the “German character”. Bond a "German"?
In many of his spectacular actions in the novels and films, Bond uses the German police pistol Walther PPK, which has been in use across Europe since 1931. Due to its smaller size compared to its predecessor, it was particularly suitable for concealed carrying in the criminal police service. The use of a German police pistol as a service weapon is unlikely to be sufficient in itself to characterize Bond as a “German”. More like the fact that Ian Fleming gave his hero James Bond the bureaucratic code 007.
Bruce A. Rosenberg and Ann Harlem Stewart claim in 1989 that Fleming created the modern, "bureaucratic" spy with Bond, the first fictional spy who does not act alone like his predecessors, but from an agent's center, with secretaries, staff officers, Gun experts and a director, a boss "with personality". Previous attempts by other authors in this direction had failed, Fleming's idea of a spy “as an organization man” had made Bond the first “modern” spy, later Deighton, Le Carré and Littel (as better ones) followed, “but Fleming was first . "- However, anyone who emailed the Ian Fleming Foundation in the USA in 2015 the question why the author had added the 007 to his hero James Bond received the answer on the same day:" Dear Edward, there is no reason to why the number 007 was chosen. It could also have been 006 or 008. "
Why 007? - There are many indications.
An explanation for the code number 007 comes from Peter Wilson, the friend and colleague of Ian Fleming and, at the end of 1938, director of the well-known action house Sotheby’s on New Bond (!) Street, for which Fleming also worked temporarily. Later in the service of MI 6 (Military Intelligence Section Six), he checked the mail traffic across the Atlantic and unmasked numerous German agents on the territory of the USA. His code number at MI 6: 007. He was, however, a pure desk clerk, i.e. a bureaucrat.
Siegfried Tesche has put together many speculations about the origin of the number 007 ("James Bond - Top Secrets. The World of 007". Leipzig 2006). Ian Fleming says he has part of the zip code for Georgetown, Washington D.C. used, which in 2007 reads, "... since there were many CIA agents living there." Another possible explanation: Fleming most likely knew the short story with the title "007" by Rudyard Kipling from his book "The Day's Work" from 1898. A loan is also possible by John Dee, the mathematician, astrologer and secret agent of Queen Elizabeth I, who signed 007, where 00 is said to have been an abbreviation for "For Your Eyes Only" and 7 was his personal code in his reports to the Queen. Fleming also mentions a 007 bus line, but the director of the East Kent Road Car Company denied this and pointed out that it was not until the 1970s that a "National Express 007" ran between London, Canterbury and Dover, and that it was called the line in the 1950s L7. “Jon Pearson's Fleming cinematic biography claims that Fleming hit double when he saw the door of a hotel room numbered 1007. The number one was upside down due to a missing screw, so that only the last three digits, 007, could be read. ”(Klaus Barber, 007 is on 17. Famous numbers and their stories. Cologne 2015. p.30) .
But why the 7? The 7 has always been a “heavily loaded” number, a “magical” number (especially since it can also be broken down into the likewise magical numbers 4 and 3): The seven wonders of the world, Sindbad on the seven seas, the seven deadly sins, the seven daughters of the giant Atlas in the constellation of the Pleiades, the seven ages of man, the seven hells of the ancient Brahmin teachings, the seven basic colors, the seven tones of the scale, the seven days of the week, the seven pillars of wisdom, the seven hills of Rome etc. etc. The psychologist George Miller found out in 1956 that there is a limit to the human working memory that is approximately seven (7!) units of information, etc. etc.
It is also possible that Fleming wanted to establish a connection between the numbers on the American roulette table and his first novel "Casino Royale", since the book deals extensively with the game. This roulette plate had the combination 00 and not like the English roulette tables a simple 0. In addition, the dialogue at the gaming table states that Bond starts winning after a killer has counted to seven - even if he mentions that he didn't have a lucky number. Fleming combined the double zero with the most magical of all numbers, the 7. This also results in the "bureaucratic" code number 007. Another trace leads to C.H. Forster, who mentions that Fleming was very pleased with the pronunciation of the telephone number for the Department of Labor's War Department. The number 10,000,007 would be pronounced by the lady in the telephone exchange (in England: the “operator”)… “one oh treble oh double oh seven” with a clear erotic touch. "Then he asked me if I would mind if he used the number on a character in a book, and I said no."
One final derivation is based on a true story from the First World War, and it leads back to Germany. Ben Macintyre writes: "One of the greatest victories of British naval intelligence in World War I was the deciphering of the so-called Zimmermann telegram in 1917, which helped the USA enter the war, which sealed Germany's defeat." was addressed by the German State Secretary for Foreign Affairs Arthur Zimmermann to the German Ambassador in Mexico (Count Bernstorff, ER), the Mexican government should be won over to an alliance against the USA. The radio message was intercepted and deciphered by three cryptographers in room 40 of the Admiralty. Two months later, an indignant US Congress declared war on Germany (also and above all because of the German announcement of the unrestricted submarine war, E.R.). The text of this top secret radio message was stored by the decrypters under the code number 0070. This was the code number of the German Foreign Office under which Zimmermann corresponded with the German embassy in Washington and from there to Mexico. From then on, the 00 digit was used for all top-secret British military espionage documents. Fleming later told an interviewer: “When I was at the Navy Department during the war, all top secret messages had the 00 prefix. Though that was later changed for security reasons, it burned into my mind and I decided to use it on Bond to make his job more interesting and to get him a license to kill. ”(Ben Macintyre, For your Eyes only. Ian Fleming and James Bond. London 2008, p. 65).
So much for some of the best-known origin speculations and indications, in which it is noticeable that Fleming himself is actively involved in some of them like a master liar who wants to obscure the truth through the multitude of his "explanations". Then the frequent use of the "magic" number 7 is noticeable. What all speculations about the 007 naming have in common, however, is that they are mere circumstantial evidence, assumptions or, as Hegel would say, “dry assurances”.
Is it now likely that Fleming wanted to hide another original hypothesis behind the fog of his "explanations", that is, the one that leads to the truth about the 007 naming? This is the case. The (today one would say) ultimate original hypothesis is explained below. It leads to the battlefield of the Anglo-American invasion in 1944, to the coast of the Norman peninsula and thus indirectly back to Germany. As commander of the British naval secret service and there liaison officer to Bletchley Park, the code breaking division of the British military, Fleming and a comrade inspected the destroyed launch pads of the V2 rockets after the Battle of Normandy at Cape Carteret. The future author of Bond had joined the NID, the Naval Intelligence Division, in 1939, the naval intelligence service. His assignment in 1944: to set up a sabotage force at the V2 base of Cap Carteret, which was abandoned by the Germans. Fleming asked his comrades what he was going to do after the war. He himself - according to Fleming - intends to "write the spy story to end all spy stories". (Andrew Lycette, Ian Fleming. London 2002. p.154). Varying Fleming, one could say the following lines were written to do away with all of the other 007 hypotheses.
Here in Normandy, Michael Wittmann, Hauptsturmführer of the Waffen SS (born April 22, 1914 in the Upper Palatinate), fell on August 8, 1944 in a tank battle between Saint-Aignan-de Cramesnil and Cintheaux on Route Nationale 158 between Caen and Falaise as Chief of the 1st Company of the Heavy Panzer Division 501 of the SS Panzer Division "Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler". Wittmann and the two soldiers of his "Tiger" tank crew were buried on the spot and only exhumed, identified and buried in the military cemetery of La Cambe (west of Bayeux) in 1983. Wittmann had been a member of the SS disposal force, later the Waffen-SS, since 1936, and took part in the Polish campaign, the Western campaign, the Balkan campaign and, from 1941 to 1944, the campaign against the USSR (Operation Barbarossa). Since the beginning of 1943 he was an officer and commander of a "Tiger" tank, as such the one with the five most kills, in total even Germany's absolute “Panzer Ace” with more than 138 tank kills, grade I, grade II, knight's cross of the EK with oak leaves and swords, and he was celebrated as an outstanding war hero by the Goebbel propaganda. The shooting down of the Wittmann tank later claimed various Allied units involved in the fight, the 1st Northamptonshire Yeomanry, B Squadron, the 144th Regiment of the Royal Armored Corps, the 27th Canadian Armored Regiment ("Sherbrooke Fusiliers") and the 1st (Polish) Armored Division.
The tank that Wittmann drove was the commanding tank of Obersturmbannführer von Westernhagen, who was sick; Wittmann took it over because his own tank was defective. According to a French farmer, on whose field Wittmann's "Tiger" stood, it was destroyed by the missile projectile of a "Typhoon" fighter plane. But that is impossible because such a missile could not destroy a "Tiger" tank. It is more likely that Wittmann's tank was surrounded by enemy tanks, shot unable to move and perhaps at the same time attacked by a "Typhoon" aircraft of the Royal Air Force; but then there was apparently an ammunition explosion inside the vehicle that killed the crew and tore the turret completely out of the hull. No grenade could do that; the weight of the tower alone allows the conclusion that an explosion inside the vehicle must have ejected the entire tower. This tower was still in the field next to Route Nationale 158 for the whole of 1945 when the tank wreck itself had already been removed.
Hubert Meyer, the then General Staff Officer of the 12th SS Panzer Division, made the most important statement for our context. Long after the war it is in the magazine “Der Freiwillige”, according to which the tank of the Commander von Westernhagen, which Wittmann drove on 8/8/44, had the engine number 007! (Michael Reynolds, An opponent like steel. The SS Panzer Corps in Normandy. Selent 2004. p.211; there also the above information about the late exhumation of Wittmann's tank crew, their identification and transfer to the German military cemetery of La Cambe) . Meyer's statement has so far been overlooked.
After the end of the war, high-ranking German officers including SS commander Sepp Dietrich expressed the concern of the German military about Wittmann's death; nevertheless, during times of war (perhaps to avoid “defeatism”) there was no official German report about his “heroic death”. That is why the Allied secret services tried to clarify his fate as early as 1944. The Commander of the Royal Navy Secret Service Ian Fleming was "on site" shortly after the invasion of Normandy and from July to September / October 1944 examined the German remains of the hasty retreat after the lost battle and also the remains of the Wittmann tank in Visited, he was probably also present at prisoner interviews.
The Tiger tank with the engine number 007 - this is where Fleming probably had the idea of giving his planned top spy the code number that the vehicle of the German "tank ace" Michael Wittmann had carried. The German armored hero and the future British super spy - both wanted to “save the world”: from the arch enemy “Jewish Bolshevism” (Wittmann in the Leibstandarte Adolf Hitler) and shortly after the beginning of the Cold War from the arch enemy “communism” “(The early Bond), then in the later Bonds in front of other villains who act against the Empire and the whole Western world. That one figure (Wittmann) is one of real history, the other (Bond) one of fiction, only proves the truth that both spheres are interwoven with one another.
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