Which comics describe you the most

Cartoon analysis - How do I analyze cartoons in English?

English> Write and analyze texts

To one Cartoon (Cartoon) comprehensive too analyze, you shouldn't limit yourself to just the description. It is more important that you Interpret meaning and finally you comment. We'll show you how to do it here!

What exactly is a Cartoon

A Cartoon becomes in German cartoon called. The aim one Cartoons is to social and political conditions or human characteristicsexaggerated and in a fun way to represent. This should make the meaning particularly clear. A cartoon is, however not just a funny picturebut it always conveys a certain opinion or politicalattitude and utters so often criticism.

There are cartoons with and without text. The text can the statement of the Cartoonsin form of a speech bubble (seepeech bubble / speech balloon), one inscription (inscription / lable) or one Caption (caption) clarify.

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Cartoon Analysis: Construction

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Yours Cartoon analysis in 3 steps:

  1. description
  2. analysis
  3. rating

description

The first part yours Cartoon analysis consists of a pure description of Cartoons (Cartoon). You should look closely at the caricature and grasp the situation and the people depicted. It makes most sense to proceed systematically. In the best case scenario, after reading your description, the reader can easily imagine the cartoon.

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Key questions:

  • When and where was the cartoonpublished? - When and where was the cartoon published?
  • Which situation is illustrated? - Which situation is represented?
  • What are the main objects and persons? - What are the main characters and main objects?
  • What information does the text give? - What information does the text contain?
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You use the for the image description Present tenses (Simple present and Present progressive). To explain where something is in the Cartoon you use that Simple present. For Actionsthat can be seen in the picture, you use that Present progressive.

analysis

In the second step you start with the actual one Analysis of the Cartoons. In the interpretation you should go into what the cartoonist(Person who does the Cartoonhas created) wants to testify with the caricature. You should know which ones situation, People) or Problem is alluded to and what opinion the cartoonist has in this regard.

Important it is that you get your knowledge through certainStylistic devices (stylistic devices) in the cartoonoccupy can! You can find one in the table below list at stylistic devices, in the Cartoons be used.

Stylistic device

 

Meaning and characteristics

Size (size)

The particularly large representation of a person makes it appear powerful and frightening. On the other hand, people depicted small appear powerless and intimidated.

Lightness and darkness (light and darkness)

A bright display appears carefree, hopeful and overall positive. Dark representations indicate fear, uncertainty and disaster.

Stereotyping (stereotyping)

Often people (groups) are simplified in caricatures and presented on the basis of prejudices so that they are easy to grasp for the viewer.

Labeling (labeling)

In caricatures people or objects can be labeled so that their (most important for the message of the caricature) characteristics are highlighted. It becomes clear what they stand for.

  

Hyperbole / exaggeration (hyperbole / exaggeration)

 

Individual / characteristic features of a person / thing are shown oversized and thus emphasized. On the other hand, properties that are less important for the message of the caricature are minimized or omitted entirely. In the case of politicians, external characteristics are often exaggerated.

Metaphor (metaphor)

A comparison to a person or a situation should be illustrated in the drawing.

Animals that are said to have certain characteristics (e.g. donkey = stupid) can be used as a proxy for humans.

Phrases can be represented in drawings (e.g. a person with a board in front of their head to make it clear that they do not understand something).

Symbol (symbol)

Symbols are used to represent more complex ideas or concepts (e.g. the dove of peace as a symbol of peace).

Allegory (allegory)

An abstract concept is replaced by a tangible image (e.g. a state as a ship).

Often these terms are used as personifications (personifications) (e.g. death as a grim reaper).

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Key questions:

  • What social, cultural or econimic issue is illustrated in the cartoon? - What social, cultural or economic problems does the cartoon depict?
  • What does the cartoonist criticize? - What is the cartoonist criticizing?
  • How is the cartoonist's opinion / message conveyed? - How is the opinion / statement of the cartoonist conveyed?
  • What stylistic devices are used and how do theyunderline the meaning of the cartoon? - Which stylistic devices are used and how do they underline the importance of the caricature?

rating

Finally assess you the Cartoon. You find out whether the cartoonist in your opinion, his opinion or criticism convincingly conveyed

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Key questions:

  • Is the cartoon convincing? - Is the cartoon convincing?
  • What effect does the cartoon have? - What effect does the caricature create?
  • Does the cartoonist use suitable stylistic devices to convey his message? - Does the cartoonist use appropriate stylistic devices to convey his message?

Cartoon Analysis: Useful Phrases

The vocabulary and Phrases The table below can help you analyze a cartoon in English.

English

German

(to) satirize sth.

to depict something satirical

(to) symbolize sth.

to symbolize something

(to) ridicule sb.

ridicule someone

The [ship / ...] is a metaphor and stands for the [state / ...].

The [ship / ...] is a metaphor and stands for the [state / ...].

The illustration shows ...

The illustration shows ...

There is a caption under the cartoon which says "...".

The caption below the caricature reads "...".

There is a speech bubble which says "...".

The speech bubble says "...".

The text in the speech bubble is spoken by ...

The text in the speech bubble is spoken by ...

The cartoon is supposed to ...

The cartoon is supposed to ...

The cartoon is (strongly) criticizing ...

The cartoon criticizes ... heavily.

The cartoon refers to ... / is a reference to ...

The cartoon refers to ... / is a reference to ...

The message of the cartoon is ...

The caricature's statement is ...

The cartoonist wants to convey the message that ...

The caricaturist / illustrator wants to convey the statement that ...

This cartoon is a critical comment on ...

The cartoon is an opinion on ...

In my opinion the cartoon is convincing / effective because ...

In my opinion, the cartoon is convincing / effective because ...

You now know what to look for in your cartoon analysishave to pay attention. You can use your knowledge in the Exercises testing. Good luck studying!

Test your knowledge!

At a cartoon it comes down in particular to ...

Select the appropriate stylistic device (in English) for the description.

Individual / characteristic features of a person / thing are shown oversized and thus emphasized.

(There can be more than one answer)

Which couples are correct?

(There can be more than one answer)

The three steps one cartoon analysis are:

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