Let the Romance languages ​​become satem languages

The family tree of the Latin language

Indo-European:

(also: Indo-European) language strain with approx. 140 individual languages ​​and with approx. 2000 million speakers the largest language strain ever. The relative position of the individual language groups is unclear: it is assumed that they go back to dialects of a proto-language that was spoken about 5000 years ago north of the Black Sea.

Satem or Kentum languages:

Classification of the indoger. Language family in two basic stems after the word for "hundred": Satem (Avestian) and Kentum [centum] (Latin).

Satellite languages:

1. Indo-Iranian group - the closely related languages ​​Indian and Iranian. Old Indian: Vedic and Sanskrit; New Indian languages ​​are spoken in today's India and in Europe (Sinti and Roma).
The old Iranian family includes Avestisch, from which the name for the Satem languages ​​is borrowed.
2. Armenian
3. Albanian
4. Slavic - Bulgarian, Serbo-Croatian, Slovenian, Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian, Polish, Sorbian (East German minority language), Czech, Slovak.
5. Baltic - Lithuanian, Latvian, Old Prussian (+)

Centum languages:

1. Tocharian (+) - in East Turkestan
2. Hittite (+) - 2nd and 1st millennium BC Spoken in Turkey
3. Greek - the language with the longest preserved written tradition. Already from the 2nd mill. Chr. Is written (Crete, Linear B).
4. Germanic - Swedish, Danish, Norwegian, English, German, Dutch (etc.)
5. Celtic - Island Celtic (Ireland, Wales, Cornwall, Bretagne) vs. Mainland Celtic (+) (in Gaul - the Asterix language! - also in Austria)
6. Old Indo-European debris or residual languages - various, including Noric and Pannonian (in Austria)
7. Italic: Numerous (now extinct) dialects on Italian soil, which pose great problems with the classification. Landscapes and cities had their own dialects.

Latin:

Italian dialect of the Lazio countryside. The main towns included Rome, Präneste and Alba Longa. These cities formed the Latin Association, which jointly pursued the veneration of Iuppiter Latiaris. A common language standard developed for this ceremony, the

Latin:

City language of Rome. With the capture of Alba Longa, Rome became about 600 BC. To the capital of the Latin Federation. As a result, the urban language of Rome became the standard. The earliest evidence (inscriptions, names) date from the pre-literary period (600-240 BC); "Classical Latin" (golden latinity) is the time from 100 BC. Chr. To 14 AD. In late antique times (200-600 AD) the individual dialects of the Roman provinces ("Vulgar Latin") developed, which form the basis for today's Romance languages.

Romance languages:

1. Western Romance languages
French (France, Belgium, Switzerland, Monaco, Italy, UK Channel Islands, Québec); Occitan (Gascogne, Provence; +); Catalan (Catalonia, Andorra, Roussillon [F]); Castilian (Spanish in the strict sense; Latin America); Gallego (Galicia in NW Spain; minority language); Portuguese (Portugal, Latin America); Romansh (Graubünden, S-Tirol, Friuli); Sardinian (Sardinia); N-Ital. Dialects
2. Eastern Romance languages
Italian (Italy, Ticino, Corsica, Istria, Monaco, San Marino, Vatican); Romanian (Romania, Moldova, partly Greece, Serbia, Istria); Dalmatian (+)