What are some Native American surnames

Tribe names and teepee house rules







Tribe names


What word or language do the names of an Indian tribe go back to?

Here are some examples:

Apsaroka
Crow: Ap-sa-ru-ke or Ap-sa-ro-ke; after crow-like bird, which was already extinct by the time they came into contact with whites.

Arapahoe
probably derived from the Pawnee word Tirapihu or Larapihu = trader, Algonquin tribe.

Arikaras
Ari-ca-ri = elk horns or horned elk.

Assiniboines
Chippewa word: Assi-nibo-in = stone cooker, which roughly means = one who cooks on stones, also called "the stony ones".

Atakapans
Choctaw word for ogre.

Atsina
Blackfeet word at-se-na = brave people; closest relative of the Arapaho. Called big bellies by the whites because they lived on the big bellied river.

Caddo
Sub-tribes called each other Tayshas = allies or friends. Tayshas is a variation of a caddo word.

Cherokees
Choctaw word: Chi-luk-ki = cave people belonging to the Iroquois nation.

Chippewa or Ojibway
from Ojib = to wrinkle and ub-way = to rust, which refers to the furrowed seam of their moccasins.

Comanches
Called themselves Ne'me'ne = people - belongs to the Uto-Aztec language family.

Dakota
Santee dialect word = allies, most important group of the powerful Sioux language family.

Delaware goods
Algonquin tribe who called themselves "Lenape = we, the people".

Hidatsa
= Willow, tribe of the Sioux language family.

Iroquois
The word "Iroquois" is of French origin (Iroquois, Hiroquois, Irocois, Yroquois, Yrocois), the Dutch called them Maquas (Mackwaas, Mahakuase), the Delawars Mengwe.

Jicarillas
They called themselves "Ipa-n'de" = "people" - Apache language "Xicarillas" or "Hikkorias", Apache tribe.

Kiowa Apaches
They called themselves "Nadi-isha-Dena" - which means "princely people"

Kitchawank
= Am-great-Berg, tribe of the Wappinger Confederation.

Massachusetts
= Am-great hill, Algonquin tribe.

Menominee
Chippewaq word: means = wild rice

Michigamea
Algonquian language = great water.

Micmac
= our allies, Algonquin tribe.

Mimbrenjos
Also Mimbres = willow, Apache tribe

Miwok
The name means man, great tribe of California.

Modocs
Modoc word Maotokni = the southern ones.

Mohave
= Three mountains, large tribe of the Yuma group.

Mohawk
They-eat-live-meat are also cannibals, the great eastern tribe of the Iroquois League.

Papago
Papago words: Pahpah = beans and ootam = people, people of the Uto-Aztec language family.

Pawnee

Pequot
means = the smashers.

Pima
Papago word A-kimel-o'otam = river people, agricultural people of the Uto-Aztec language family.

Salish
called themselves Flathead Forgotten People

Seminoles
Derived from the Spanish Cimarron = game; Seminoles means = those who live outside. People of the Muskhogee language family.

Seneca
= People-of-the-rocks, Mohegan tribe, belonged to "5 nations" of the Iroquois.

Shoshoko
= Pedestrian, term for a subgroup of the Shoshone

Sioux
The Da-coh-tah called themselves "friend"

 

Tipi house rules


The Plain tribes had mostly similar social house rules:
  • If the entrance was open, a friend could enter immediately, but if it was locked, he had to make himself known and wait until the owner asked him to enter.
  • A male enters the tipi and stands a few steps to the right until the host asks him to sit in the guest area (behind him on the left).
    A female visitor steps into the tent behind a male visitor and takes a few steps to the left. It stops there.
  • Those invited to a celebration bring their own crockery and cutlery and eat everything that is offered to them. A visitor never steps between the seated person and the fire, but always moves behind the seated person, who leans forward to make it easier for him to walk.
  • Women never sit with their legs crossed, but rather on their heels or with their legs drawn up to the side.
  • In a group of men, only the elders begin the conversation. The younger ones politely wait to be asked to speak.
  • When the host cleans his pipe, all visitors should leave.
Note: We have a lot to learn there.



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