What are some good things about China

As a China tour operator, we are happy to share our knowledge and experience with you. But it is best to experience it locally when you meet people and tell you about their favorite places. Take a look at our trips to China!

Good to know...

  • People's Republic of China: 中华人民共和国, Pinyin: Zhōnghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó

  • Banner:The national flag of China shows 1 large and 4 small stars on a red background: The red stands for communism, the stars symbolize China, Manchuria, Mongolia, Xinjiang and Tibet. They also stand for the leadership of the communist party, the smaller stars for the four classes: workers, peasants, petty bourgeoisie, the national bourgeoisie.

  • Location: China is located in the northern hemisphere in the east of the Asian continent

  • Surface: approx. 9.6 million km² - that means that China is almost as big as the whole of Europe (10,180,000 km²)

  • Residents: about 1.41 billion

Capital:

  • Beijing
  • 北京, Pinyin Běijīng
  • approx. 23 million inhabitants including the surrounding area belonging to the administration

Experience Beijing flexibly with our Beijing travel module


Largest cities (by administrative unit)

Chongqing (30 million), Shanghai (24.5 million); Beijing (23 million); Chengdu (14.5 million), Guangzhou (12.7 million), Shenzhen (12.5 million), Tianjin (12.3 million), Xi'an (8.7 million), Dongguan (8.2 million), Nanjing (8.2 million)

Ethnic composition:

92% Han Chinese and 55 other officially recognized “national minorities”; e.g. Zhuang: 17 million, Hui: 11 million, Manchu: 10 million, Uyghur: 12 million, Miao: 9 million, Yi: 9 million

Discover the colorful peoples of the south: magical southern China


Languages:

The official language is "Putonghua" (also known as "Standard Chinese" or "Mandarin"); numerous local dialects (e.g. Cantonese, Shanghai-Chinese) and languages ​​of the ethnic minorities (e.g. Tibetan, Uighur)

Administration:

22 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 cities with direct government and 2 special administrative areas (Hong Kong and Macao).

Limits:

  • The length of all borders is 22,457 km
  • Length of the Chinese coastline: 14,500 km
  • China borders 14 countries: Afghanistan, Bhutan, India, Kazakhstan, North Korea, Kyrgyzstan, Laos, Mongolia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Russia, Tajikistan, Vietnam

Fun fact: In China there is a heating boundary that runs roughly parallel to the Yangtze River: to the north of it, state district heating is used for heating, to the south it is not.


Rivers:

  • Yangtze (6,300 km)
  • Huanghe "Yellow River" (4,850 km)
  • Zhu Jiang "Pearl River" (2,200 km)

The Yangtze (Changjiang) is the longest river in China and the third longest river in the world after the Nile and the Amazon. A river cruise on the Yangtze is the highlight of a tour of China for many.

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Mountains:

The Himalaya is the highest and longest mountain range in China. The highest peak is Qomolangma (Mount Everest) at 8,848 m. Other high mountains with peaks over 5,000 meters are the Kunlun, Pamir, Tian-Shan and Bayankala mountains.

Our Tibet tours are carried out with 2 or more participants and are accompanied by Tibetan tour guides: Example: Tibet with trekking around Mt. Kailash
Or for those of you who want to experience it a little more comfortably: Across China by train - including the Tibet train!


Holy Mountains:

Buddhism: Jiuhua Shan (Anhui), Emei Shan (Sichuan), Wutai Shan (Shanxi), Putuo Shan (Zhejiang)

Daoism: Tai Shan (Shandong), Heng Shan (Hunan), Song Shan (Henan), Hua Shan (Shaanxi), Heng Shan (Shanxi)

Great Wall:

The Great Wall of China 长城, Pinyin Chángchéng stretches from Bohai Bay in the east to the Taklamakan Desert in the west. According to the latest research, the wall should be over 21,000 kilometers long, depending on which parts are included. The core route is around 2,500 kilometers. The construction of the wall began around 2,000 years ago. The easiest way to visit the Great Wall near Beijing is. We recommend the beautiful and less visited section at Huanghuacheng:

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Climate:

In the heartland temperate and oceanic climate with four clearly distinguishable seasons, in the north and west mainly continental climate (cold winters, hot summers); China's south is generally subtropical, in the extreme south even a tropical climate (warm and humid all year round)

Gross domestic product (per capita in 2011):

$ 5,414; Adjusted for purchasing power USD 8,382 (Germany USD 43,742, adjusted for purchasing power USD 37,897)

National Holidays:

  • New Year 01.01.
  • National holiday 01.10.
  • Labor Day 01.05.

Public holidays calculated according to the Chinese calendar and therefore movable are:

  • Chinese New Year / Spring Festival "Chun Jie" (usually in early February)
  • Festival of the Dead “Qingming Jie” (106th day after the winter solstice, i.e. around April 4th / 5th)
  • Dragon boat festival "Duanwu Jie" (mostly in mid-June)
  • Mid-Autumn Festival “Zhongqiu Jie” (mostly September)


Religions:

Buddhism, Daoism, Christianity, the majority are officially non-denominational

UNESCO World Heritage:

The world heritage in China includes (as of 2019) 55 UNESCO world heritage sites, including 37 world cultural heritage sites, 14 world natural heritage sites and 4 mixed cultural and natural heritage sites

You can learn more about China, its sights and its peculiarities on our blog:

To the blog

(updated in August 2019)