Which is the newest national park

Federal Agency for Nature Conservation


With the amendment of the BNatSchG at the beginning of 2002, the designation of so-called "development national parks" was legally secured. This will facilitate the designation of new national parks in Germany.

According to the international management categories of the IUCN, a national park is a protected area that is mainly established to safeguard large natural and semi-natural areas and large-scale ecological processes (Category II). It is intended to ensure the ecological integrity of one or more ecosystems, to exclude uses that are detrimental to this goal and to promote nature experience, research, education and recreational opportunities.

In order to meet the international guidelines of the IUCN, at least three quarters of the area of ​​a protected area must be managed according to its main objective. According to EUROPARC and IUCN, this means for national parks that 75% of their area must be in a largely natural state and not be subject to any use contrary to the protective purpose. The area must also be large enough to contain one or more complete ecosystems. A minimum size of 10,000 ha is recommended for national parks in Germany.

The Black Forest National Park (BW) was designated in January 2014. It consists of the two sub-areas Ruhestein (7,615 ha) and Hoher Ochsenkopf (2,447 ha). The park is characterized by mixed forests of beech and fir, rich in montane spruce.

In March 2015, the Hunsrück-Hochwald National Park (RP / SL) across the federal states was redesignated. This closed gaps in the southwest of the nationwide large protected area system.

The zoning in the various national parks varies both in terms of their name and number; it has been standardized here. Uses and impairments through coastal protection, fishing, forestry, hunting, recreational use and z. In a densely populated country like the Federal Republic of Germany, traffic and agriculture make it difficult to comply with the global standards and thus to achieve the defined goals.

In Germany there are other areas that are suitable as national parks, e.g. with a view to Germany's responsibility for the protection of beech forest ecosystems. The future abandonment of large-scale military training areas will open up additional opportunities here.

Literature (including illustrated books)

  • Bartocha, S. & P. ​​Wernicke (2011): Müritz National Park. Homage to a landscape. - Edition Morizaner, 182 pages, ISBN: 978-3-941803-01-5
  • Bibelriether, H. (2017): Let nature be nature. - Lichtland Verlag, 256 pages, ISBN: 978-3-942509-61-9
  • Dittberner, W. (2014): The bird world of the Lower Oder Valley National Park. - Verlag Natur und Text, 280 pp., ISBN: 978-3-942062-16-9
  • Europarc Germany and Müritz National Park Office (2001): Müritz National Park - Portrait of a Landscape. - Berlin and Hohenzieritz, 50 pp.
  • Europarc-Germany (2008): Quality criteria and standards for German national parks. - Berlin, 92 pp.
  • Europarc-Germany (2016): National parks in Germany - wild and beautiful. - Berlin, 80 pp. (Also available in English)
  • Europarc-Germany (2013): Management Quality of German National Parks. - Berlin, 86 pp.
  • Förderverein Nationalpark Boddenlandschaft e.V. (2015): Magical wilderness on the Baltic Sea: National Park Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft. - Hinstorff-Verlag, 112 pages, ISBN: 978-3356019858
  • Förderverein Nationalpark Eifel e.V. (2006): Flora and fauna in the Eifel National Park. - Bachem-Verlag, 320 pages, ISBN: 978-3-7616-2005-5
  • Funk, K. (2015): Hunsrück-Hochwald National Park - Discover the big in the small. - TiPP 4 GmbH, Rheinbach, 176 pp., ISBN: 978-3-9439691-4-6
  • Großmann, M., Klaus, S. & T. Stephan (2014): Hainich National Park - World Natural Heritage in Thuringia. - Verlag Natur + Text, 155 pages, ISBN: 978-3-942062-14-5
  • Jeschke, L. & H.D. Knapp (2019): Jasmund National Park - World Natural Heritage on Rügen. - Verlag Natur + Text, 192 pages, ISBN: 978-3-942062-21-3
  • Leibl, F. & R. Simonis (2018): The Bavarian Forest National Park: new, wild forest. - Lichtland-Verlag, 152 pages, ISBN: 978-3-942509-62-6
  • Meßner, G. (2009): History of the Müritz National Park Region. - Förderverein Müritz National Park e.V., 205 p.
  • National Geographic (2018): Wild Germany. - 272 pages, ISBN: 978-3955592585
  • National Geographic Traveler (2013): German National Parks. 272 pp., ISBN: 978-3955590024.
  • Kellerwald-Edersee National Park (publisher, no year): Kellerwald-Edersee National Park - Buchenmeer. - Cognitio-Verlag, 96 pages, ISBN: 978-3-932583-42-1
  • Bavarian Forest National Park Administration (ed., 2011): Biodiversity in the Bavarian Forest National Park. - Bavarian Forest National Park Administration, special volume, 226 pages, ISBN: 978-3-930977-36-9
  • Panek, N. (2017): Kellerwald-Edersee National Park - World Natural Heritage in Hesse. - Verlag Natur + Text, 166 pages, ISBN: 978-3-942062-30-5
  • Rosing, N. (2017): My wild Germany. - Nat. Geographic, 288 pp., ISBN: 978-38669005399.
  • Scherfose, V. (Ed., 2009): National Park Work in Germany - Examples from Monitoring, Area Management and Environmental Education. - Schr.-R. Conservation and Biol. Diversity Issue 72, 208 pages, ISBN 978-3-7843-3972-6
  • Spiess, H.J. & P. Wernicke (2013): Serrahn - World Natural Heritage in the Müritz National Park. - Verlag Natur + Text, 156 pages, ISBN: 978-3-942062-07-7
  • Staatsbetrieb Sachsenforst (Ed .; 2012): The forest in the Saxon Switzerland National Park. - Schr. R. of the Saxon Switzerland National Park, issue 7, 72 pp.
  • Stock, M. & T. Schröder (2020): Wadden Sea Wonder World - The world natural heritage rediscovered. - Delius Verlag, 160 pages, ISBN: 9783667118608
  • Vogel, M. & M. Hildebrandt (2010): Berchtesgaden National Park - In the Moment of Timelessness. - Plenk-Verlag, 224 pages, ISBN: 978-3940141415
  • "National Park" magazine (appears 4 times a year). Oekom-Verlag, ISSN 0342 - 9806