What is Australia's coldest state

The climate in Australia

Average day and night temperatures

All climate diagrams on this page result from the collected data from 118 measuring stations in Australia.
Weather stations at an altitude of 710m were no longer taken into account.
All data correspond to the average monthly values ​​for the last 20 years.

Back to overview: Australia

Due to Australia's location in the southern hemisphere, the seasons are reversed here. The coldest months are our summer, while our winter months are the warmest. In at least 7 months, the average maximum daily temperatures are above 25 degrees. Pleasant water temperatures of up to 28 degrees also invite you to swim in many coastal areas. Essentially, Australia can be divided into 4 climate zones:

In the North there is a tropical climate with cyclones and heavy monsoon rains between November and April. At this time of the year the temperatures are around 30 ° C in many places. Even at night it only cools down to around 25 ° C. The heaviest rainfall and the highest humidity are in the northwest of the country on the Pacific Ocean.

New South Wales and Queensland on the western coast to the Pacific lie in a subtropical climate zone. This means a high humidity almost all year round with higher temperatures and pronounced rainy seasons. The vegetation in these regions is correspondingly attractive.

Rumor has it that the temperature of 68 ° C was measured at some point in the north of Queensland, but there seems to be neither a location nor a date for this. The Australian Bureau of Meteorolgy instead officially reported a heat record of 49.5 ° C on December 24, 1972. The hottest temperature ever recorded in all of Australia was 50.7 ° C and was recorded on January 2, 1960 in South Australia.

The south of Australia lies in a predominantly temperate climate zone. Even the offshore island of Tasmania to the south lies only on the 42nd degree of latitude and is thus roughly as far from the equator as Corsica, for example. The air temperatures are correspondingly warm here, only the water temperatures are significantly lower due to the oceanic currents.

Almost 80% of the country and therefore almost the entire inland consists of semi-arid steppes and uninhabited, arid deserts. The further away you go from the coast, the hotter it gets and the less rainfall there is. Even in the cooler seasons, temperatures are always above 20 ° C. The hottest areas are in the central to northern part of the state "Western Australia". Here it is 40-45 ° C in the Australian summer and there are areas where no rain falls for years.

›Length of daylight and sunshine in Australia

Climate diagrams for other states in Australia

Temperature records for the past 71 years

The hottest temperature measured from 1949 to October 2020 was reported by the Tarcoola Sa weather station. In January 2019, the record temperature of 49.1 ° C was reported here. The hottest summer from July to September, based on all 128 weather stations in Australia below 710 meters above sea level, was recorded in 1988 with an average temperature of 16.9 ° C. This average temperature is usually recorded every 4 to 6 hours, so it also includes the nights. Normally this value is 15.6 degrees Celsius.

The Inverell Nsw weather station reported the coldest day in these 71 years. Here the temperature dropped to -8.9 ° C in July 2006. Inverell Nsw lies at an altitude of 636 meters above sea level. The coldest winter (January to March) was in 2011 with an average of 23.4 ° C. In Australia, it is usual to have about 1.2 degrees more at 24.6 ° C for this three-month period.

Long-term development of temperatures from 1974 to 2019

In contrast to individual record values, a long-term development cannot simply be brought about over all weather stations in the country. Both the number and the locations are constantly changing. A simply calculated average value would produce a falsified result. If several measuring stations are added in a year in particularly cold mountain or coastal regions, this alone would reduce the average. If a station fails over the summer or winter months, it does not provide any values ​​and falsifies the average again. The subsequent long-term development was therefore reduced to only 6 measuring points in order to actually have comparable data over the longest possible period.

In the years 1974 to 2019 there were only these 6 weather stations in the whole country, which continuously reported temperature values. From these weather reports we have created a long-term development that shows the monthly average temperatures. The hottest month in this entire period was 2019 with 28.5 ° C. 1982 was the coldest month with an average of 12.9 ° C.

The annual average temperature was around 20.6 ° C in the years after 1974 and around 22.0 ° C in the last years before 2019. So it has increased by about 1.4 ° C in less than 46 years. However, this tendency only applies to the selected 6 weather stations in Australia. We have provided a considerably more extensive evaluation of the global temperature rise separately.

You can find more detailed information on global warming with a view by continent on our topic page on climate change. Database: German weather service, individual values ​​averaged and supplemented with your own elements.
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