Where is the US Constitution

United States of America (USA)

The United States of America (USA) comprises almost the entire southern half of North America. Capital: Washington, D. C. (District of Columbia).

The constitution of 1787 is the first modern democratic constitution in the world; it has so far been supplemented by 27 amendments to the constitution. It establishes a federal state whose political institutions are strictly organized according to the principles of separation of powers (separation of powers / entanglement of powers) and which are in a system of mutual dependence and control (checks and balances). The constitution contains the protection of minorities, which promotes the social, cultural, religious etc. diversity of the country (pluralism).

Head of state and boss of executive is the president elected for four years (one re-election possible). With the approval of the Senate, the President appoints the members of the government and occupies the most important offices of the highest federal authorities. He represents the country internally and externally, is Commander in Chief of the armed forces, is constitutionally independent and presents his views to Congress. Foreign policy agreements require the approval of the Senate. He can lodge a suspensive (suspensive) veto against resolutions of the Congress. The President is not responsible to the Congress, but needs the express (legal) consent of Parliament for all political measures, in particular for spending. The Vice-President represents the President and performs his duties in the event of resignation, death or impeachment. The cabinet is an advisory body that includes the president and the vice-president, ministers, senior civil servants and personal advisers.

Legislative branch: The bicameral parliament (Congress of the United States) consists of: a) the Senate (representation of the individual states, each with two seats), which has 100 members elected for six years, one third of whom are newly elected every two years, and b) the House of Representatives (parliament), whose 435 members are directly elected every two years according to a relative majority vote.

Both chambers have roughly equal rights, e.g. B. Bills require the approval of both houses. The Senate has certain privileges in personnel issues (filling offices in the federal administration and government) and in foreign policy; the House of Representatives has greater domestic political importance (especially when it comes to advising on financial proposals). The president's veto of bills can be overruled with a two-thirds majority of both houses.

The judicial power lies in the highest instance with the Supreme Court. It consists of nine members who are appointed by the President for life.

Parties: strict two-party system with the Democratic Party (Democrats) and the Republican Party (Republicans). Smaller parties are only of local or regional importance (e.g. the Green Party) or the Libertarian Party, but are not represented in Congress.

Political structure: 50 member states with their own constitutions and political systems organized on a divided basis (political system). Furthermore: A federal district (Washington, District of Columbia) and various dependent areas in the Caribbean and the Pacific.

327.35 million inhabitants / 2018; Official language: english; Denominations: 46.5% Protestants, 20.8% Catholics, 1.9% Jews, 1.6% Mormons, 0.9% Muslims.

GDP / capita: US $ 62,879 / 2018. The US economy contributes around 19% of the world's national product, making it the largest single economy in the world. It has all the major industries and significant natural resources.
See also:
Separation of powers / entanglement of powers
Checks and Balances
Armed forces
Impeachment (proceedings)
Two-party system
Political system
National economy

Source: Schubert, Klaus / Martina Klein: Das Politiklexikon. 7th, updated and exp. Edition Bonn: Dietz 2020. Licensed edition Bonn: Federal Agency for Civic Education.